chengdu china history

This is especially so in the winter months, when it is nearly continuously grey, compounded by the poor air quality. He named the newly built capital as Chengdu, which meant the final capital of Shu Kingdom in ancient Chinese. [20] Etymology of the name is unclear. Also based on a research report undertaken by the Nobel economics laureate, Dr. Robert Mundell and the celebrated Chinese economist, Li Yining, published by the State Information Center in 2010, Chengdu has become an "engine" of the Western Development Program, a benchmark city for investment environment in inland China, and a major leader in new urbanization. Covering tens of hectares with bamboo groves and a native-like habitat, the base is the only one of its kind located in an urban area. Three of the roads supported the east part of the city, the other two led to the south. Chengdu's growth accelerated alongside the growth of the telecom services sector in India and China, which together account for over 70 percent of the world telecommunications market. Museums in Anren have a rich collection of more of than 8 million pieces of relics and artifacts. The comprehensive Funan River renovation project in the 1990s had been another step towards promoting Chengdu environmental development. Routledge. The Chengdu–Dujiangyan high-speed railway is a high-speed rail line connecting Chengdu with the satellite city of Dujiangyan and the Mountain Qingcheng World Heritage Site. Chengdu also has friendly relationships or partnerships with:[121]. 1Special economic-zone Cities. Chengdu is a sub-provincial city[61] which has served as the capital of Sichuan since Chongqing's restoration to provincial status in 1997. They provide gateways for city dwellers to escape the city, offer delicious and affordable home-made dishes, and provide mahjong facilities. [34] The massed formation of the G3M bombers provided heavy firepower against Chinese fighter planes assigned to the defense of Chongqing and Chengdu, which continued to cause problems for the Japanese attacks. Retired NBA basketball star and animal activist Yao Ming attended the ceremony. The first western dispensary in Sichuan was opened 3 November 1892 with sixteen patients seeking care. Xuanzang, an eminent Tang dynasty monk, was initiated into monkhood and studied for several years here; during this time, he gave frequent sermons in Daci Monastery. Chengdu is an ancient city with a history of more than 3,100 years. It was built in the Western Jin period (265–316) in the honor of Zhuge Liang, the famous military and political strategist who was Prime Minister of the Shu Han State during the Three Kingdoms period (220–280). Chengdu History. Located in the center of downtown Chengdu, Chunxi Road (春熙路) is a trendy and bustling commercial strip with a long history. Chengdu is home to the greatest number of universities and research institutes in Southwestern China. 540,000 square feet / 50,000 square meters. For 26 years, the Chengdu mission served as the headquarters of the US Peace Corps’ China programme, which produced more than 1,300 volunteer English … In 1992, Singapore capitals brought into Chengdu helped constructing Jinxiu Garden (锦绣花园), which was the first elite residential area. [13] Chengdu is the seat of the Western Theatre Command region of the People's Liberation Army. Chengdu also has one of the lowest annual sunshine totals nationally, with less sunshine annually than much of Northern Europe, and most days are overcast even if without rain. Wuhou Shrine (Temple of Marquis Wu) is perhaps the most influential museum of Three Kingdoms relics in China. [41] One of the first American ace fighter pilots of the war and original volunteer fighter pilot for the Chinese Nationalist Air Force, Major Huang Xinrui (nicknamed "Buffalo" by his comrades) died as a result of battling the Zero fighters along with his squadron-mates Cen Zeliu and Lin Heng (younger brother of renown architect Lin Huiyin), in defense of Chengdu on 14 March 1941. The total amount of foreign direct investment reached US$2.25 billion, an increase of 97.3 percent from 2007. The expressways are Chenglin Expressway, extensions of Guanghua Avenue, Shawan Line, and an expressway from Chengdu to Heilongtan. The extension of Shawan Road going north is designed for travel at 60 km/h (37 mph). It was built in 1924 and was named after a part of the Tao Te Ching. [12] During World War II, refugees from eastern China fleeing from the Japanese settled in Chengdu. The 100-metre-tall (330 ft) structure is 500 by 400 metres (1,600 by 1,300 ft) in size with 1,700,000 square metres (18,000,000 sq ft) of floor area. Domestic investment was 180.52 billion yuan (US$26 billion), an increase of 23.5 percent from 2007. "Jinli" (锦里) is the name of an old street in Chengdu dating from the Han dynasty and means "making perfection more perfect". The Chinese government is aiming to increase that by 15 percent every year. Chengdu is represented in the Overwatch League by the Chengdu Hunters, the first major esports team to represent Chengdu. [103] Since April 2013, companies are able to ship goods three times a week (initially only once a week)[104] to Europe on trains originating from Chengdu Qingbaijiang Station bound for Łódź, Poland. [25], In 1911, Chengdu's branch of the Railway Protection Movement helped trigger the Wuchang Uprising, which led to the Xinhai Revolution that overthrew the Qing dynasty.[32][33]. #11 of 110 Sights & Landmarks in Chengdu. Meanwhile, he, his son and the prime minister Zhuge Liang aroused their all efforts to make the kingdom prosperous. East of Chengdu stands the low Longquan Mountains and the west bordering area of the hilly land of middle reaches of Min River, an area noted by several converging rivers. Now, Chengdu is not only the gateway of Western China for foreign financial institutions, but also a booming town for Chinese domestic financial firms. [66], Waldorf Astoria Hotels & Resorts in Chengdu. Leading enterprises are operating in Chengdu and providing research and technology support such as Tianwei New Energy Holding Co., Ltd., Sichuan Sanzhou Special Steel Tube Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Tianma Bearing Co., Ltd., and key research institutions such as the Nuclear Power Institute of China, Southwestern Institute of Physics, Southwest Electric Power Design Institute. The distinct characteristic of Sichuan cuisine is the use of spicy chilies and peppercorns. Chengdu is considered a World City with a "Beta +" classification (together with Barcelona and Washington, D.C.) according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Archaeological discoveries at the Sanxingdui and Jinsha sites have established that the area surrounding Chengdu was inhabited over four thousand years ago, in 18–10th century BC. Known as the "Nonpareil Monastery" in China, the Daci Monastery in downtown Chengdu was first built during the Wei and Jin dynasties, with its cultural height during the Tang and Song dynasties. Some of the most popular ones are located in Sansheng Village east of Chengdu, and Nongke Village in Pidu District (欧特美家), northwest of Chengdu. Since 2016, the Chengdu Open, an ATP Championship Tour tournament, is held here annually. After it is connected to the expressways Pixian–Dujiangyan and Pixian–Pengzhou, it will take only 30 minutes to go from Chengdu to Pengzhou. 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